Multiple choice

1 Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD):
Choose one answer.
a. is exclusive to Vietnam Veterans
b. is a psychological illness characterized by panic attacks, nightmares, depression, guilt and flashbacks
c. can be caused by any highly emotional event
d. both b and c above

2. Which of the following is not a role of a crisis interventionist?
Choose one answer.
a. To encourage and allow the client to “make the decisions”.
b. To tell the client exactly what he/she should do, when he/she should do it, and how he/she should do it.
c. To enable the client to become aware of possible solutions to the crisis.
d. To allow the client to vent emotions.

3. A victim’s pain:
Choose one answer.
a. may often last weeks, months, or even years after the incident
b. usually goes away after the court process is completed
c. usually goes away after an advocate explains the legal system
d. usually goes away after receipt of financial reimbursement for personal and property losses

4. Which of the following does NOT create law:
Choose one answer.
a. U.S. Congress
b. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
c. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
d. Colorado Supreme Court

5. Which of the following is not considered to be a responsibility of a victim advocate?
Choose one answer.
a. To consider the job a serious commitment.
b. To litigate the victim’s case.
c. To maintain confidentiality in all issues pertaining to clients.
d. To keep informed on relevant issues through ongoing training.

6. Which of the following is a goal of perpetrator counseling?
Choose one answer.
a. Counseling done in hopes to keep perpetrators from committing further crimes.
b. To encourage the perpetrator to commit more crimes
c. To meet the urgent physical and emotional needs of a victim.
d. To provide support and reassurance at the scene of the crime or shortly thereafter.

7. What court-related service involves monitoring court activity to make sure victims are being treated fairly by judges and attorneys?
Choose one answer.
a. Witness Alert
b. Court Watch
c. Restitution Assistance
d. Legislative Advocacy

8. Which of the following puts the statutes in the correct chronological order (earliest to most recent) by their date of enactment?
Choose one answer.
a. Violence Against Women Act; Victims of Crime Act; Victims & Witness Protection Act; Victims Rights & Restitution Act
b. The Victims of Crime Act; Victims Right & Restitution Act; Violence Against Women Act; Victims & Witness Protection Act
c. The Victim & Witness Protection Act; Violence Against Women Act; The Victims of Crime Act; Victims Rights & Restitution Act
d. The Victim & Witness Protection Act; The Victims of Crime Act; Victims Rights &
Restitution Act; Violence Against Women Act

9. Which of the following is not a basic right provided by the legislation surrounding victims’ rights?
Choose one answer.
a. The right to notification of the stages and proceedings in the criminal process.
b. The right to protection from intimidation and harassment.
c. The right to confidentiality of records.
d. The right of the victim to serve on the jury at the trial of the perpetrator.

10. Which of the following is not a common reaction to victimization?
Choose one answer.
a. Self-Blame
b. Depression / Sadness
c. Elation
d. Fear

11. What is the correct chronological order for the “Four Stages of Grief”?
Choose one answer.
a. Recovery. Despair, Detachment, Protest
b. Despair, Detachment, Protest, Recovery
c. Protest. Detachment, Recovery, Despair
d. Protest, Despair, Detachment, Recovery

12. Roughly what percentage of people will have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder at some time in their lives?
Choose one answer.
a. 2%
b. 8%
c. 15%
d. 50%

13. An empathetic response ideally includes which of the following?
Choose one answer.
a. labeling specific feelings and their sources.
b. focusing on the feelings most important to the client’s concerns.
c. skills to facilitate the client to make independent decisions.
d. all of the above

14. Which of the following is an example of attentive/attending behavior?
Choose one answer.
a. maintaining comfortable eye contact
b. leaning away from the client
c. looking at a watch periodically while the client is speaking
d. none of the above

15. What is most important for a victim advocate to remember when dealing with the media?
Choose one answer.
a. To wear professional clothing in case of a television appearance.
b. To divulge personal information and specific facts about the case.
c. To determine the feelings of the victim or family before speaking to the media.
d. To speak with the media before consulting with the victim or the victim’s family.

16. What do the letters “R.E.S.P.E.C.T.” stand for in the RESPECT model for Victim Management?
Choose one answer.
a. Rationalize Empathize Support Penalize Eliminate Caring Trust
b. Restitution Evaluate Support Pacify Empathize Calm Trust
c. Respect Evaluate Support Penalize Eradicate Caring Trust
d. Respect Empathize Support Predict Explain Calm Trust

17. Which of the following represents the correct hierarchy (from lowest court to highest court) of the federal court system:
Choose one answer.
a. U.S. Court of Appeals; U.S. Bankruptcy Court; U.S. Supreme Court
b. U.S. Tax Court; U.S. Supreme Court; New York Supreme Court
c. U.S. District Court; U.S. Court of Appeals; U.S. Supreme Court
d. U.S. Supreme Court; New Jersey Supreme Court; U.S. Court of Appeals

18. Someone who refuses to help an African American victim because of their race is displaying what kind of behavior?
Choose one answer.
a. aware and covert racism
b. unaware and self-righteous racism
c. aware and blatant racism
d. unaware and unintentional racism

19. Ableism is:
Choose one answer.
a. the belief that people that are “older” are not as capable as people who are “younger”.
b. the belief that people who have physical or mental “disabilities” are inferior and/or not as capable as those who do not have disabilities.
c. the belief that a certain economic and social class is superior to others.
d. the belief that one religion is superior to all others.

20. Which of the following is not a special consideration when working with an elderly victim?
Choose one answer.
a. They can be fearful of family reactions
b. They may suffer from loneliness and isolation
c. They are used to changes in lifestyle
d. They may distrust the criminal justice system

21. What is the correct order of a proceeding in a civil action?
Choose one answer.
a. Appeal; Discovery; Trial; Sentencing
b. Sentencing; Trial; Discovery; Filing the Complaint
c. Indictment; Arraignment; Trial; Sentencing
d. Filing the Complaint; Discovery; Trial; Appeal

22. What legal concept states that a defendant cannot be retried for the same crime?
Choose one answer.
a. res judicata
b. probable cause
c. double jeopardy
d. stare decisis

23. In what stage of a criminal proceeding is the defendant formally charged with a crime?
Choose one answer.
a. Indictment
b. Sentencing
c. Preliminary Hearing
d. Pretrial Conference

24. Which of the following is not a probable remedy in a civil action:
Choose one answer.
a. community service
b. specific performance
c. an injunction
d. money damages

25. A victim advocate should not treat a client as an inferior.
True False

26. A victim advocate should attempt to be humorous while discussing something serious.
True False

27. A victim advocate should discourage the client to assume regular chores and duties.
True False

28. A victim advocate should identify feelings they hear in the client’s statements.
True False

29. All survivors of traumatic events experience Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
True False

30. The ultimate goal of the crisis interventionist is allowing clients/victims to regain “control” over their lives.
True False

31. Someone who is “transgendered” is a person who has the potential for forming, or does form, emotional, romantic, and/or erotic attraction to members of either sex.
True False

32. Patriarchy is as society that is male-dominated, male-identified, and male-centered.
True False

33. Marks: 8
Using the list of vocabulary words below, pick the word which best corresponds to the definition in questions numbers 33-40. Some answers may be used more than once, and some answers might not be used at all. Write the appropriate letter next to the question. (1 point each, 8 points total)
A victim’s reaction that results in child-like behavior.
A stress situation that can result in a crisis for the victim.
When a victim cannot remember anything about the instance(s) of victimization and/or the surrounding details.
When a victim does not believe that he/she was victimized.
When victims try to make sense of the experience, and explain the victimization to themselves as normal or acceptable behavior.
A victim’s reaction that results in believing that he/she deserved the act of victimization.
A precipitating event or an accumulation of smaller demands that stretch an individual’s ability to cope or to adjust appropriately.
When a victim believes things are completely out of control.

Short answer. Answer each question in two or three sentences.

34. Marks: 6
Define the Crisis Theory

35. Marks: 6
Describe the differences between advocate skills necessary in addressing a victim’s short term emotional trauma compared to the skills necessary in addressing long term emotional trauma.

36. Marks: 6
What is “secondary victimization”?

37. Marks: 6
Why is it important for victim advocates who have been personally victimized to make sure that they have sufficiently “dealt” with their occurrence before they work as victim advocates? Why is it important for victim advocates to make sure they are “in terms” with their past before helping others?

38. Marks: 6
How can a victim of crime impact the judicial process?

39. Marks: 6
People who are most likely to be susceptible to developing Post Traumatic Stress Disorder fit within a few common guidelines. List at least one of these guidelines.

40. Marks: 6
What are some differences between the necessary listening skills advocates should have when working with adults compared to the listening skills necessary when working with children?

41. Marks: 6
Define “homophobia”.

42. Marks: 6
Briefly describe the difference between a federal prosecution and a state prosecution.

43. Marks: 6
What does the burden of proof standard “beyond a reasonable doubt” in a criminal trial mean in comparison to the “preponderance of the evidence” standard in a civil trial?

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